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The time has arrived once more to do a Theology Comparison of the Founding Era to the Present.
With all that is in the news regarding ‘mass shootings’, ‘climate change’, ‘Antifa’, ‘education’, ‘prison reform’, ‘social issues’ and more; the comparison is such that the US is in the time of the Book of Judges – “everyone did what was right in his own eyes.” Such that the ‘Christians’ in these United States have run away from their responsibilities in governing. Continue reading
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Chapter 31: Cotton Mather Smith.
The quick picture of Cotton Mather Smith: — His Birth And Parentage. — A Teacher Among The Indians. — Studies Theology. — Is Settled at Sharon, Conn. — Influence Of The Clergy Of Connecticut In Bringing About The Revolution. — His View Of The Struggle Between The Colonies And Mother Country. — The Part He Took In It. — Patriotism of his Congregation. — Is made Chaplain, and Marches to Ticonderoga. — His Devotion To The Sick. — Seized With The Camp Fever.— Returns Home. — Invasion of Burgoyne. — His Sermon just before the Final Victory at Saratoga. — Thrilling Scene. — His Character. — His Death.
Cotton Mather Smith is one of the great examples of a Foundational Christian Pastor who exemplifies the ‘extensibility’ of the Reformation Gospel. Continue reading
The quick picture of Israel Evans: — His Character. — Ordained Chaplain in the Army. — Remains with His New Hampshire Brigade through the War. — Stands Beside Washington at Yorktown. — Anecdote of Him and Washington. — His Sermon on the Field of Battle. — Settled at Concord, New Hampshire. — His Death.
Israel Evans was one with and of the heart and spirit of King David. He was finally attuned to military life, battle and the “Extensibility” of the Gospel. His harrowing times in all battles are not well documented but he was next to Washington at Yorktown when a cannon ball hit at their feet. Continue reading
David Avery’s story brought tears to my eyes. I have never met a modern Pastor like him.: — His Birth And Character. — Converted Under Whitfield. — Leaves His Trade To Study For The Ministry. — Enters Dr. Wheelock’s Charity School. — Graduates At Yale College. — Studies Divinity. — A Missionary Among The Indians. — Settled At Gaysboro, Vermont. — His Patriotism. — Raises A Company And Marches To Boston. — Made Chaplain. — Noddle’s Island. — Present At The Battle Of Bunker Hill. — Praying For Victory. — Accompanies Washington Through The Jerseys. — Wounded At Trenton. — At Valley Forge. — At Ticonderoga. — At Bennington. — His Death.
David Avery was “gentle and kind in his manners, and with a heart full of tenderness, he had at the same time a bold and fearless nature which, when roused, it was dangerous to oppose.” He is highly honored by Washington for his heroic acts as a soldier and Minister of God. Most interesting is that this was a young man who worked hard to same money to go to college. The reason he wanted to go was that he became a believer in Jesus through the ministry of George Whitefield. Continue reading
John Witherspoon is one of my most favorite pastors and statesman. He was a strong Patriot working side by side with Sam Adams: — The Clergy as Statesmen. — Witherspoon a Scotchman by Birth. — His Early Life. — Is licensed to preach. — Joins the Army of the Pretender. — Taken Prisoner at the Battle of Falkirk. — His Eminence as a Theologian. — Is elected President of Princeton College. — Flattering Reception in this Country. — Takes Sides with the Colonies. — Elected Member of the New Jersey Legislature. — Scathing Attack of Governor Franklin. — Elected Member of Congress. — His Speech on the Declaration of Independence. — His Great Services in Congress. — His Death.
John Witherspoon had a close working relationship with Samuel Adams. They both stayed in the Continental Congress when all was in a shambles as well as in great success. Continue reading
The details of Daniel McCalla exemplify the core of leadership in the extensibility of the True Gospel: — His Birth. — Graduates at Princeton Ween eighteen tears of age. — Studies for the Ministry. — Settles in Pennsylvania. — Appointed Chaplain under General Thompson. — Is taken Prisoner in the Attack on “Three Rivers”. — Thrown into a Prison Ship. — His Suffering And Fortitude. — Released on Parole. — Flees to Virginia. — Settles in South Carolina. — His Death.
Daniel McCalla like Samuel Adams entered college at fourteen. Different then Sam Adams, McCalla kept the ministry in mind where as God changed the direction of Sam to become the ‘Father of The American Revolution.” Continue reading
Charles Cummings was distinguished as: — An Irishman by Birth. — Settles in Virginia. — Esters the Ministry. — Fights the Indians. — Goes armed to his Church. — Takes the Lead in the political Movements of the People. — Chaplain to the Army in the Expedition against the Cherokees. — His Death.
Charles Cummings came to America as a young man. He became a minister and lived at the very edge of danger. He was a leader and fighter both for glory of God and the birth of a new nation.
“He took a leading part in all patriotic movements of his congregation” and was appointed to “to draw up an address to the Continental Congress.” He was also elected the Chairman of the Committee on Safety. This means he ensured the citizens knew how to defend themselves against all threats. Continue reading
This Chapter about John Gano contains — The Baptists Of Virginia. — Gano’s Early Life. — Visits The South And Preaches. — Arraigned For It, But Is Acquitted And Licensed. — Anecdotes Of His Coolness And Courage. — Settled In North Carolina. — Offered A Captain’s Commission In The Army Against The Cherokees — Declines. —Returns North. — Finally Settles In New York.— His Congregation Broken Up. — Joins The Army As Chaplain. — Under Fire At White Plains. — At Trenton. — Chaplain Under Clinton At Fort Montgomery. — His Description Of The Taking Of The Fort. — With Clinton’s Brigade At Albany. — Its Chaplain In The Expedition Against The Indians. — Anecdotes Of Him In This Campaign. —Sermon On The Fourth Of July. — His Faithfulness. — Goes South With The Army Advancing Against Cornwallis. — Returns To His Church At The Close Of The War. — Removes To Kentucky.—His Death.
John Gano is another profound leader. This is clearly noted at the end of this chapter with: “True to his country, true to his high office, true to his God, he went through the trying scenes of the Revolution, and through life honored, respected and loved by all who knew him, and now sleeps with those whose names are inscribed in the hearts of their countrymen. Continue reading
James Hall — His Birth and Education. — Settled int North Carolina. — Rouses His People to oppose the Mother Country. — Is made Captain of a Company of Cavalry. — Acts also as Chaplain. — Marches to South Carolina. — Offered the Commission of Brigadier General by Greene. — Declines. — His After Life.
Reverend Hall is another Pastor who lead from the Front. He was thirty-one when he entered college under the tutelage of Dr. John Witherspoon. Dr. Witherspoon recognized his great mathematical skill and want to keep Hall on as a teacher at the university. But Hall understood his call from God to preach.
In addition to being a leader in the pulpit he fully understood the Biblical perspective of standing against tyranny. With that in mind, James Hall “took the lead in all public meetings held to discuss the political topics of the day. He denounced toryism unsparingly, and on every occasion when he could get a hearing made eloquent and earnest appeals in behalf of freedom.” Continue reading
Samuel Kirkland has an amazing life: — His Birth and Education. — A Teacher in Dr. Wheellock’s School. — Goes a Missionary to the Indians of New York State. — His Labors and Perils. — His Mission broken up by the Revolution. —Employed by Congress to Keep the Indians from joining the British. — Prevented by Brandt. — Chaplain in Sullivan’s Brigade. — Accompanies it to Genesee Flats. — Services rewarded by Congress. — Settles among the Oneidas after the War. — Founds Hamilton College. — Is thrown from his Horse. — His Death.
We are now halfway through the book with this chapter about Samuel Kirkland . This amazing missionary Pastor is most well known for his great work among the Indian tribes in New York. He wandered the wilderness of New York armed only with his Bible. He learned every aspect of customs, language and locations of the various Indian Tribes. Continue reading