Tag Archives: Religion

Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 24 – James Hall

James Hall  James Hall Marker

James Hall — His Birth and Education. — Settled int North Carolina. — Rouses His People to oppose the Mother Country. — Is made Captain of a Company of Cavalry. — Acts also as Chaplain. — Marches to South Carolina. — Offered the Commission of Brigadier General by Greene. — Declines. — His After Life.

Reverend Hall is another Pastor who lead from the Front. He was thirty-one when he entered college under the tutelage of Dr. John Witherspoon. Dr. Witherspoon recognized his great mathematical skill and want to keep Hall on as a teacher at the university. But Hall understood his call from God to preach.

In addition to being a leader in the pulpit he fully understood the Biblical perspective of standing against tyranny. With that in mind, James Hall “took the lead in all public meetings held to discuss the political topics of the day. He denounced toryism unsparingly, and on every occasion when he could get a hearing made eloquent and earnest appeals in behalf of freedom.” Continue reading

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 23 – Samuel Kirkland

Samuel Kirkland.  Samuel Kirkland Missionary

Samuel Kirkland has an amazing life: — His Birth and Education. — A Teacher in Dr. Wheellock’s School. — Goes a Missionary to the Indians of New York State. — His Labors and Perils. — His Mission broken up by the Revolution. —Employed by Congress to Keep the Indians from joining the British. — Prevented by Brandt. — Chaplain in Sullivan’s Brigade. — Accompanies it to Genesee Flats. — Services rewarded by Congress. — Settles among the Oneidas after the War. — Founds Hamilton College. — Is thrown from his Horse. — His Death.

We are now halfway through the book with this chapter about Samuel Kirkland . This amazing missionary Pastor is most well known for his great work among the Indian tribes in New York. He wandered the wilderness of New York armed only with his Bible. He learned every aspect of customs, language and locations of the various Indian Tribes. Continue reading

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 22 – Benjamin Trumbull

Benjamin Trumbull  Benjamin Trumbull

This Chapter regarding Reverend Benjamin Trumbull contains: — His Birth and Education. — Takes Sides with the Colonies. — Enters the Army as Chaplain. —Fights in the Ranks. — Curious Interview with Washington. — Fights at Whiteplains. — Anecdote. —Fights at NewHaven. — Returns to his Parish. — Writes the History of Connecticut. — His Publications.

Benjamin Trumbull was “of a bold spirit and sanguine temperament, a bitter hater of wrong, and a fearless, ardent, and sometimes stormy defender of the right” with “ruddy, determined face and stout figure typified admirably his character.” “Zealous, enthusiastic and able in argument, he brought efficient aid to the patriots, and it is much to be regretted that one who bore so important a part in the Revolution in his native State. After the Revolution, Benjamin Trumbull became so distinguished as its historian, should not have left more details and personal incidents connected with his services in the army. But aside from his general patriotism and zeal very little is known of this part of his history.”

Trumbull was one of the one hundred who performed a delay action in July 1790 when New Haven was being invaded. This was the same battle that Dr. Dagget “the reverend professor of divinity, with his long fowling-piece on the hill-top,” was taking the sniper shots into the advancing army.

As with the previous chapters we see the Pastor taking the leadership in standing before God and in the literal fight for justice against tyranny.

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 21 – James Caldwell

James Caldwell

James Caldwell:Give 'em Watts — His Birth and Ancestry. — Personal Appearance. — Power of his Voice. — His Character. — His Congregation at Elizabethtown.— Made Chaplain. — His Toast on the Reception of the Declaration of Independence. — His Activity. — Rewards offered For His Capture. — Removes To Connecticut Farms. — Goes Armed. — His Services — Letter To Lee. — Assistant Commissary General. — Last Interview With His Wife. — Her Murder. — Fight At Springfield. — “Give ’em Watts”. — Murder of Caldwell. — His Funeral. — His Children. — Monument To Him.

James Caldwell exhibits the character of one who understand the persecution of Christianity. Although he was born in America, his “ancestors were Huegenots, who were driven from France to England by religious persecution, from thence to Scotland, and at last to Ireland, from which his father emigrated to this country. Because of this heritage, James Caldwell had a great heart and passion for the resistance of tyranny and the passion for independence. Continue reading

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 20 – Joel Barlow

Joel Barlow  Joel Barlow

In all that he was called to, Joel Barlow fulfilled that which he was created for: — His Birth and Early Education. —A Friend of Dwight. —His Poem, “The Prospect of Peace.” —Joins the Army in Vacations. —Becomes Chaplain. — Writes Patriotic Ballads. —”Hymns for Yankee Rebels.” —The Burning of Charlestown.” —Occupation in the Army. —Friend of Washington. — Sermon on Arnold’s Treason. —Becomes Lawyer and Editor at Hartford, Connecticut. —Revises Watt’s Psalms and Hymns. —Agent of Scioto Land Company. —Visits England, France. —Becomes enlisted in the French Revolution. —His Occupations in Europe. —Consul at Algiers. —Makes a Fortune in France. —Returns to America. —Remarkable Prophecies in his Columbiad. —Minister to France. —His Death. —Charge of Religious Apostacy..

Joel Barlow is extremely distinguished in many regards as a soldier, poet, Chaplain, patriotic song writer, a diplomat and a prophet regarding the softening of Biblical teaching. To that end Joel Barlow excelled and was taken wrongly by the New England ‘Federalists’ so to be castigated as an ‘Apostate’. Where as the facts of his writings clearly show otherwise. Furthermore, he was a very close associate to Timothy Dwight. Continue reading

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 19 – Ezra Stiles

Ezra Stiles  Ezra Stiles

Ezra Stiles continues the depth of living the Extensibility of the Gospel: — His Prophecy respecting the Colonies, in 1760. — President of Yale College. — Chancellor Kent’s Eulogy of him. — His Patriotism. — Keeps a Diary of Revolutionary Events.—His Death..

Ezra Stiles succeeded Dr. Dagget as President of Yale and continued the patriotism regarding what is lost in modern times – Christianity (religion) and fighting tyranny go hand in hand. Hence it can be noted that Ezra Stiles completes ‘the illustrious trio of patriotic Presidents’ that Yale should boast of instead of cowering in socialism and neo-marxism of our present. As a reminder, the trio mentioned are the last two chapters: Dwight and Dagget, and this on Stiles.

Therefore we can easily understand why Ezra Stiles had a capacity to see a coalescence of the colonies into These United States. For that reason his eulogy explained his patriotism as: “resident Stiles’ zeal for civil and religious liberty was kindled at the altar of the English and New England Puritans, and it was animating and vivid.”

Without a doubt we need Pastors, professors as well as institutional leadership as exemplified by Ezra Stiles and his predecessors.

The Book

The Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution is the Historical Fact that Christianity (see the link at the end) is the root of our American Heritage and a key factor in the inspiration of the Revolution. God governance is God’s governance and the Citizenry understood this. Those that were Chaplains and Clergy were not just religious mouth pieces. NO, They were warrior Patriots that spoke first the Word of God and then the musket or sword.

I am reading this book as if to my Grandchildren. My great hope is that parents and Grandparents would do the same. I hope and pray more that Pastors would be in these tumultuous times as the same that these Founding Clergy and Chaplains were.

Let us all learn and act according to the Blessing and examples they set for US in our Foundation.

https://ia902704.us.archive.org/25/items/clergyo00head/clergyo00head.pdf

Archived Writing: The Literary Diary of Ezra Stiles, D.D., LL.D. “Volume I”

Table of Contents:

You can find the other chapters of the book by following the highlighted link to the Table of Contents here.

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 18 – Naphtali Dagget

Naphtali Dagget  Naphtali Dagget

Naphtali Dagget is the amazing Patriot President of Yale: — Professor of Divinity in Yale College. —The College broken up. —Invasion of Tryon. —Terror of the Inhabitants. —A Company of a Hundred Young Men raised to resist Him. —Dr. Dagget and his Black Mare. —Advances alone to Reconnoiter. —The Fight. —The Retreat. —Dr. Dagget refuses to run. —Interview with the British Officer. —Forced to guide the Column. —Brutal Treatment. —Rescued by a Tory. —His Sickness. —Death

Naphtali Dagget is one on the most remarkable of the clergy to fully engage in the revolution not just from the pulpit and classroom but as a person of action. Considering the odds against him with the army of Tryon advancing, he stands alone on a hill top fighting over 2,500 British troops.

In the end of all things, Dr. Dagget lives that which he has taught regarding the extensibility of the Gospel regarding resisting tyranny. Furthermore, he is stabbed and castigated for his willingness to hold true to his principles.

The Book

The Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution is the Historical Fact that Christianity (see the link at the end) is the root of our American Heritage and a key factor in the inspiration of the Revolution. God governance is God’s governance and the Citizenry understood this. Those that were Chaplains and Clergy were not just religious mouth pieces. NO, They were warrior Patriots that spoke first the Word of God and then the musket or sword.

I am reading this book as if to my Grandchildren. My great hope is that parents and Grandparents would do the same. I hope and pray more that Pastors would be in these tumultuous times as the same that these Founding Clergy and Chaplains were.

Let us all learn and act according to the Blessing and examples they set for US in our Foundation.

https://ia902704.us.archive.org/25/items/clergyo00head/clergyo00head.pdf

Table of Contents:

You can find the other chapters of the book by following the highlighted link to the Table of Contents here.

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 17 – Timothy Dwight

Chapter 17: Timothy Dwight   Timothy Dwight

—Patriotism of our Colleges. —Dwight’s Birth. —His early Life. —Tutor of Yale College. —Is licensed to preach. —His Patriotism. —Becomes Chaplain. —Advocates complete Independence. —His Description of the desolate Appearance of Westchester County. —His Sermons to the Soldiers. —Eloquent Sermon after the Victory at Saratoga. —Anecdote of Putnam. —Composes the Ode to Columbia. —Dedicates a Poem to Washington. —Shares the Sufferings of the Soldiers at West Point in the Winter of 177S. —His Faith. —His Description of Scene from Sugar Loaf Mountain. —Also of the Dead Unburied at Fort Montgomery. —Death of ins Father. —Leaves the Army. —Settles at Northampton. —Goes to the Legislature. —Publishes several Poems. —Elected President of Yale College. —A Federalist in 1812. —His Eminence as a Theologian. —His Death.

This chapter detailing Timothy Dwight is another of the amazing chapters in this book! Timothy Dwight was reading the Bible at four and teaching himself Latin at Six. His preaching became impassioned by his ability to see God in all things in creation. Continue reading

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Chaplains and Clergy of the Revolution: Chapter 16 – William White, DD

Chapter 16: William White, DDWilliam White, DD

William White —His Birth and early Studies.—Goes to England.—Friend or Goldsmith and Johnson.—Settled in Philadelphia.—Takes the Oath of Allegiance. —Noble Determination.—Elected Chaplain of Congress.—His Conduct After The Revolution.—Is Made Bishop.—His Character And Death.

During the course of the new nations development, Congress was certain that God must be a part of it. William White, DD was elected Chaplain of Congress in 1777. He was one of the very few Episcopal clergymen, who took part with the Colonists in their struggle for liberty. Bishop White stands preeminent. When the Declaration of Independence came forth Dr. White then came forward and took the oath of allegiance. At length, Dr. White was faithful in every way to his Country and his God.

“When the British evacuated Philadelphia, every clergyman of the Episcopal denomination left the state but himself. Solitary and alone, he remained at his post, and, like Abdiel, faithful to the last, cast his lot in with his suffering country.”

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Chaplains and Clergy of The Revolution: Chapter 15 – Abner Benedict

Chapter 15: Abner Benedict   Rev. Abner Benedict

This chapter is about Abner Benedict: —His Birth and Education. —Settled at Middletown. —Becomes Chaplain in the Army at New York. —Description of a Terrific Thunder-storm. —the Battle of Long Island. —His Feelings. —The Last to Leave the Shore in the Retreat. —Inventions in Submarine Navigation. —Manufactures Saltpeter for Powder. —Elected Professor in Yale College. —His Character and Death.

Abner Benedict could be called ‘the last man standing’ by the water edge — since he in fact was last the last man to leave Brooklyn Heights. He tells about an amazing thunderstorm and the miraculous escape in the fog. Not only was Abner Benedict an amazing Pastor and Chaplain but an inventor He invented Submarine navigation and a new form of saltpeter for gun powder.

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